A Prosocial Competence Training Program

The R&R2 Short Version for Youth (R. R. Ross & J. Hilborn, 2003) is designed for 13-16 year old youth who are under supervision of social service agencies or juvenile justice agencies and for those who are engaging in various disruptive and anti-social behaviors at home, in mainstream community schools, special schools, community residences, hospitals, probation or juvenile institutions. It also targets youths who are developing patterns of anti-social behavior which involve risk-taking, opposition to adult values and/or persistent antisocial or offending behaviour.

The program not only targets antisocial behavior associated with delinquency and crime, it is also designed for the very large population of youth who have not (or not yet) been adjudicated in juvenile or adult court.

The first edition of the program was developed in 2004 following field-testing in Estonia and has since been widely implemented in Scotland, England and Wales. A recent evaluation demonstrated that the program was effective in reducing misconduct and level of risk of re-offending among adolescent males in residential care in Scotland.

The R&R2 Short Version for Youth provides a curriculum of cognitive and emotional skills and values through which Trainers can teach youths the basic problem-solving skills; skills in emotional regulation; social skills; conflict management and negotiation skills; social perspective-taking; and the prosocial values, attitudes and beliefs that underly prosocial competence. Improving their thinking is not enough. The program is also designed to help them acquire prosocial competence in emotional and behavioural skills.

The R&R2 Short Program for Youth is a brief, 18 hour, 12 session program. Each session requires 90 minutes of training. Thus, by delivering 3 sessions per week, the program can be taught in 4 weeks.

The program handbook includes detailed step-by-step instructions for the Trainer, a suggested script for him/her to follow in delivering each session, in-class exercises and out of class assignments for practicing the skills, and audio-visual materials designed to maintain the youths' interest.

In the revised program the cognitive-behavioural approach is supplemented by prosocial neurodevelopmental training. Neuroscience has established that adolescence is a period during which youths are experiencing extraordinarily rapid brain development. Based on the neurocriminology model, the youths are engaged in prosocial simulation training and prosocial role-taking throughout the program in order to stimulate their development of prosocial neuronal connections - the foundation of a prosocial identity.

The ideal group size for the program is six. This varies, of course, with the characteristics of the members of each particular group, but the aim should be to have no less than four and no more than eight participants in any session. The only physical facility required is a small classroom or group discussion room which can accommodate 6-8 participants seated around tables. There must be sufficient room to enable two participants to role play in full view of the other participants.

The program can be effectively delivered with no equipment other than an overhead projector and a flip chart. However, the program kit includes a CD containing PowerPoint slides that can be presented on a projector or, if no projector is available, the PP slides can be converted to overhead transparencies.

This program is currently being translated into Spanish by the University of La Laguna.


 Program Kit

 How to Order


Note:  This program may be purchased without additional training by individuals who have been trained in any R&R or R&R2 program.