R&R2 for Girls and Young Women
A Prosocial Competence Training Program
R&R2 for Girls and Young Women was designed in 2008 by Yvonne Gailley, Wendy Cooper, Robert Ross & James Hilborn for girls and young women whose antisocial or "at risk" behavior has led to their coming to the attention of specialized schools, social service agencies, psychiatric hospitals, or criminal justice agencies. It is a multifaceted cognitive behavioural group program designed to help individuals with low self-esteem, low self-efficacy and low self-motivation develop prosocial competence by training them in cognitive, emotional and behavioural skills.
Most treatment programs for antisocial females have been ‘broad brush’ treatments designed for males. Females require female-specific programs that are responsive to their particular characteristics. Assuming that strategies designed for male offenders are equally applicable to females echoes the tendency to ‘make do’. This shortcoming is even more marked in the case of antisocial girls and young women. They are almost invisible in the field of program development. R&R2 for Girls and Young Women provides an empirically-based gender-responsive program.
The profiles of women in prison highlight their history of victimization, self-harming behaviors and mental health problems. Programs for antisocial girls and young women must address the effects of physical, sexual or emotional abuse but in addition they must be responsive to issues associated with female adolescence. Adolescence is a time when a girl may be overwhelmed by concerns about others’ views and expectations of her. Many express their anxiety through withdrawal and silence. Others attempt to cope through maladaptive behaviors – running away; school misconduct; self-harm; destructive relationships; substance abuse; aggression; and/or other antisocial behaviors.
Program Targets: R&R2 for Girls and Young Women is designed for "at risk" and antisocial girls and young women that is responsive to several factors: victimization, abuse histories, self-harming behaviors, mental health problems; relationship problems; and family problems. The program focuses on building strengths and it emphasises the participants' capacity to develop constructive prosocial skills. It emphasizes the link between emotions and behaviour. It is an empowering tool to build self-efficacy and resiliency.
Program Design: The program has 16 sessions, each requiring 90 minutes of training. Sessions may be delivered in any schedule. The ideal is 2-3 sessions a week.
The program can be delivered in schools, in social agencies and in mental health settings as well as in probation and institutions. It provides detailed step-by-step instructions and a script to serve as a guide for highly enjoyable exercises and "out-of-class" assignments for participants to practice their newly acquired prosocial competence skills in their every-day life. All of the many exercises, vignettes and audio-visual presentations can be readily modified to fit the particular interests and characteristics (e.g. age; culture) of specific groups.
Note: This program may be purchased without additional training by individuals who have been trained in any R&R or R&R2 program.